Lamulette De Samarcande Critique Essay

The Amulet of Samarkand is a children's novel of alternate history, fantasy and magic. It is the first book in the Bartimaeus trilogy written by English author Jonathan Stroud. First edition (paperback) was published in Sept. 2003 by Doubleday in the United Kingdom. The book and series are about power struggles in a magical dystopia centred in London, England featuring a mix of current and ancient, secular and mythological themes. It is well known for its liberal use of footnotes to voice the lead character's sarcastic comments, as well as story background. The book is named for a magical artifact created in the ancient Asian city of Samarkand, around which the story revolves.


London, England, 100 years after death of Gladstone in 1898. setting: modern day London spiced with magicians and mystery


A magician's young apprentice, Nathaniel, summons the irascible 5,000-year-old djinni, Bartimaeus, to do his bidding. Nathaniel has an interesting assignment for Bartimaeus: he must steal the powerful Amulet of Samarkand from Simon Lovelace, a master magician of unrivalled ruthlessness and ambition. The only problem is Bartimaeus couldn't care less for what his current master really wants, only that he has a job to complete (and survive) before he can return to "The Other Place" again... that and perhaps get even with the annoying little brat who summoned him if he gets the chance. Bartimaeus refers constantly to his relation with his former master Ptolemy, comparing him much more favourably to Nathaniel. Before long, Bartimaeus and Nathaniel are caught up in a terrifying flood of magical intrigue, rebellion and murder. Nathaniel learns quickly that he may have gotten into a plot much more in depth than he and his djinni can cope with.

Principal Characters[edit]


  • Nathaniel(John Mandrake)
  • Arthur Underwood, Nathaniel's master
  • Simon Lovelace
  • Jessica Whitwell, Minister of security
  • Rupert Deveraux, Prime Minister of Britain
  • Mr. Schyler
  • Sholto Pinn
  • Ptolemy


  • Kitty Jones, youthful member of the Resistance
  • Martha Underwood
  • Mercenary (Verroq)


  • Bartimaeus, a mid-level djinni
  • Ramuthra, a powerful spirit
  • Simpkin, a Foliot
  • Jabor
  • Faquarl


  • The Resistance
  • the magical government

Magical objects, spells and places[edit]

  • Amulet of Samarkand, so named for ancient city of Samarkand, Uzbekistan, where it was forged; it grants the wearer immunity to magical attacks.
  • Nathaniel's scrying glass
  • The 'Other place'

Plot summary[edit]

Nathaniel becomes an apprentice Magician after his parents abandoned him when he was five years old to the magicians' adoption service in return for some money. His master, Arthur Underwood, is a mediocre magician and the Minister of Internal Affairs. Underwood is unwilling to having an apprentice while his wife, Martha, warmly welcomes Nathaniel. Between the ages of five and twelve years old he is educated in many subjects including geography, history, politics, mathematics, languages, music and art. As well being taught about spirits and magic by his master

Throughout his youth, noteworthy events embitter Nathaniel towards Underwood. One year before the events of the novel Underwood hosts a gathering of magicians in his villa. Upon his presentation to the other magicians, Nathaniel (age 10 at the time) is interviewed by his later antagonist Simon Lovelace who dismisses Nathaniel's obvious powers for magic. Nathaniel retorts impolitely and incurs Lovelace's wrath, in the form of an invisible demon which holds him immobile, allowing Lovelace to deride his helpless condition. Once he is released, Nathaniel sets a fleet of mites upon Lovelace's friend, which he easily destroys after getting stung, and is punished with a beating from one of Lovelace's imps. Ms. Lutyens, his admired art teacher, attempts to waylay the punishment and gets fired.

Following his experience, Nathaniel vows to become his own master and learns from the books in Underwood's study while also plotting the downfall and humiliation of his nemesis Lovelace. Using a rudimentary scrying glass Nathaniel spies on Lovelace. One night he witnesses him paying a bearded mercenary after receiving a suspicious package. The imp in the glass quotes the mercenary as saying that the package is the Amulet of Samarkand. Days after his twelfth birthday, Nathaniel summons the djinn Bartimaeus, a cocky spirit with a grudge against his slavers --- the magicians. Bartimaeus, expecting a ridiculous and simple charge, such as levitating an object, is instead charged with the highly dangerous, unexpected command to steal the Amulet of Samarkand from Simon Lovelace. While fulfilling his charge Bartimaeus runs into Faquarl and Jabor, two djinn under Lovelace's employ, the former of whom harbours a mutual grudge with Bartimaeus spanning thousands of years, the latter being a particularly dangerous and vicious djinn. After escaping Faquarl and Jabor, Bartimaeus is also accosted in an alleyway by a mysterious gang of youths, who attempted to steal the Amulet from him, somehow spotting it under Bartimaeus's clothes. The youths are later revealed to be the Resistance.

Bartimaeus is summoned back to Nathaniel who orders him to hide the amulet in Underwood's study for safekeeping. Charged to return to Nathaniel after completing that task, Bartimaeus is with him when Mrs. Underwood calls the boy by his birth name "Nathaniel", thus awarding the djinn with ammunition against the young magician. The use of the birth name acts as a defence mechanism against corporal punishment. Nathaniel counteracts this with a Perpetual Confinement spell on a sealed tin of rosemary (agonising to spirits) which guarantees Bartimaeus' servitude for one month and the safety of Nathaniel. Later, Nathaniel is officially named as John Mandrake. That night John/Nathaniel accompanies the Underwoods to parliament in for the state address. Nathaniel witnesses a wild looking youth release an elemental sphere into the throng of magicians at the address which results in a large explosion of trapped elements; an attack of the Resistance.

Bartimaeus was further ordered to spy on Simon Lovelace and to discover all he can about his acquaintances and the Amulet of Samarkand. He disguises himself as a messenger imp, after accosting Lovelace's genuine messenger, and travels to Pinn's Accoutrements to learn of the amulet. Simpkin, Sholto Pinn's foliot assistant, reveals that the amulet had been under government protection before it had been stolen. Then Bartimaeus' cover is blown by Pinn, he botches his escape and is detained in the Tower of London, preventing Nathaniel from summoning him. After Nathaniel fails to clean up his room after his attempted summoning, Underwood discovers Nathaniel's covert operation and confiscates his summoning paraphernalia and notes detailing his plot against Lovelace. However, before he can examine these notes Underwood is called to the Tower of London so he may interrogate Bartimaeus (unbeknownst to Nathaniel). When he returns later, Nathaniel spies on him using the scrying glass but is caught by his master. Before his master can punish him, Lovelace presents himself at the door and demands Underwood's attention.

Previously, Bartimaeus had awoken in the Tower to be unsuccessfully interrogated by Sholto Pinn and Jessica Whitwell, the Minister of Security. Jabor and Faquarl assist Bartimaeus in escaping the Tower on condition that he reveal the location of the Amulet and his master. To protect his master, and thus avoid perpetual confinement, Bartimaeus refuses and escapes by igniting the car petrol that Faquarl had been covered in during the escape. Bartimaeus then unwittingly leads Lovelace's servants to the Underwood house. Lovelace threatens Underwood with violence when Underwood expresses ignorance to the alleged theft of an artefact. After quailing under Lovelace's magical intimidations, Underwood leads Lovelace to his study where the amulet is discovered. Nathaniel then reveals himself as the thief in an act Bartimaeus deems suicidal. Underwood then betrays Nathaniel by encouraging Lovelace to kill the boy but let him live. In spite of this, Lovelace summons Jabor to destroy the house, Underwood, Mrs. Underwood and Nathaniel; but Nathaniel survives, thanks to Bartimaeus.

Instead of fleeing the country after escaping the fire, Nathaniel promises to seek revenge for his beloved Mrs. Underwood's death and forces Bartimaeus to help by reminding him of the rosemary tin should he betray him. An angered Bartimaeus threatens to kill him because he believes that either way he will end up in the tin and encourages Nathaniel to free him then and now, but resolves to try to keep him alive after Nathaniel promises to free him after this final task. Nathaniel meets by chance some members of the Resistance, yet fails to infiltrate the group and furthermore has his scrying glass stolen. After this fiasco, Nathaniel and Bartimaeus travel to Heddlehem Hall to stop Lovelace's plot against the government. The pair arrive disguised as a delicatessen manager and his son and Nathaniel slips past Faquarl, who is present in the kitchen at the hall. Bartimaeus attempts to kill the mysterious bearded mercenary, who has become alerted to Nathaniel's plot by the delicatessen people whose van was stolen as a disguise. The mercenary displays an extraordinary resistance to magic and a pair of seven league boots, which grant him exceptional speed. Meanwhile, Nathaniel is discovered by Lovelace and his master Schyler. After Lovelace leaves the room to set his plans in motion, Schyler offered Nathaniel an ultimatum: to join Lovelace in his new order or die. Nathaniel manages to kill Schyler using petty magical firework-cubes and he and Bartimaeus arrive in time for the conference.

The room in which the Parliament commune is promptly sealed shut both physically and magically. Nathaniel attempts to warn the seated magicians of the coup, but is unknowingly foiled by Jessica Whitwell, who places him in an impenetrable bubble.

The extravagant Persian rug displayed under a floor of glass is pulled away mechanically to reveal an enormous pentacle. Lovelace then blows an ancient summoning horn and calls forth the immensely strong spirit Ramuthra through a rift, who proceeds to warp reality on the seven planes and destroy the surrounding magicians and djinn. Jabor is summoned to destroy Bartimaeus but is tricked into flying toward the summoning rift and is trapped in its attractive field.

After this, Bartimaeus, disguised as Lovelace's girlfriend Amanda, distracts Lovelace and allows Nathaniel to steal the amulet. Ramuthra obliterates Lovelace. Nathaniel surprises Bartimaeus by knowing the required method of dismissal. In this climactic moment, the culmination of Nathaniel's disastrous experiences and thirst for knowledge are appeased when he speaks the words of dismissal and cracks the summoning horn.

After Ramuthra and the rift disappear, Nathaniel dramatically limps over to the half buried form of the prime minister Rupert Devereaux and lays the Amulet in his hands. After recounting a modified version of events which belittles Bartimaeus' achievement, advocates the role of Mrs. Underwood and neglects the less admirable experiences, Nathaniel becomes the quiet hero of the government. The outside world remains ignorant of his heroic acts, yet Nathaniel is satisfied with a true magician's lifestyle under a new master, Jessica Whitwell.

Finally, Nathaniel saves Bartimaeus by sacrifice.


La vengeance est un plat qui se mange entre d�mons...

Jonathan Stroud est peu, voire pas connu en France. Pendant plusieurs années, il a été contraint de jongler entre le métier d’éditeur de livres pour enfants et celui d’écrivain. Il marque un tournant décisif dans sa carrière avec La Trilogie de Bartiméus. Aujourd’hui, le succès rencontré par la série des Harry Potter et la trilogie de A La croisée des mondes est telle que de nombreuses personnes ont déjà misé beaucoup sur La Trilogie de Bartiméus. Résultat : elle a déjà été vendue dans pas moins de vingt pays.Dans L’Amulette Samarcande, Jonathan Stroud nous emmène dans un Londres où le gouvernement n’est composé que de magiciens. Ces derniers doivent pour exercer leur pouvoir, faire appel à des démons, oups ! des djinns (certains sont fort susceptibles sur la manière de les nommer), des foliots, des gnomes...

Qui vole une amulette,...

Nathaniel est un jeune apprenti sorcier prometteur. Talentueux, il se cache pour exercer son art car son maître n’a que faire de lui et le considère comme un moins que rien. Un jour, le jeune garçon subit la pire humiliation en public par Lovelace, un puissant magicien fort peu scrupuleux. Nathaniel décide de se venger coûte que coûte. Pour cela, il fait appel à Bartiméus, un djinn d’essence supérieur, et lui ordonne de voler l’Amulette de Samarcande à Lovelace. Un vol qui sera le début d’une aventure tumultueuse et fort dangereuse.

... risque des représailles

L’Amulette de Samarcande reprend une thématique habituelle du fantastique : les démons, pour l’adapter à un public de jeunes lecteurs. L’auteur a pris les éléments liés à ce thème et a su habilement les mélanger : les pentacles, le lien de force entre magiciens et démons, l’influence de la connaissance du vrai nom sur son adversaire, les sept niveaux d’existence des démons... Ajoutez à cela, un Londres magique (somme toute banal et relativement familier) et vous avez le décor de ce roman.

Les personnages...

Quant aux principaux personnages, vous découvrirez un djinn effronté, cynique (voire parfois méprisant pour la nature humaine), qui n’hésite pas à exprimer le fond de sa pensée d’une manière très moqueuse (d’ailleurs tout l’humour du livre réside dans ce personnage). Pour ma part, c’est le personnage le plus réussi : il est démoniaque, il déteste l’Homme (avec un grand "H") et porte des propos plutôt croustillants sur la nature humaine et les autres démons. Quant au jeune Nathaniel, C’est un garçon assez troublant : les seuls sentiments qu’il connaisse, sont la colère, la frustration et la haine. La seule chose qui l’intéresse, c’est la vengeance. Difficile alors de s’attacher à un personnage qui ne sait pas et ne veut pas pardonner. Le garçon ne connaît pas la gratitude vis-à-vis d’un démon qui lui sauvera plus d’une fois la vie, aussi cynique soit-il. On s’attend à plus d’amitié entre eux et en fait, ce qui les lie c’est uniquement le pouvoir que chacun a sur l’autre. À la fin, Nathaniel ne gagne pas en maturité, il reste toujours un garçon imbu de sa personne et méprisant les démons et le petit peuple. Surprenant de la part de l’auteur d’avoir choisi un tel personnage aussi antipathique.


L’histoire quant à elle tient très bien la route. Bien écrit et bien rythmé, ce livre enchantera les enfants car il possède tous les ingrédients qui les passionnent : la magie, le suspens et l’humour. Pour les plus grands, ils trouveront dommage que les ficelles soient trop visibles et que cette histoire ne soit pas sans rappeler Harry Potter (un garçon en lutte contre son ennemi, symbole du mal et assoiffé de pouvoir). Les critiques comparent ce roman à celui de A la croisée des mondes, j’avoue ne pas avoir trouvé pourquoi. L’Amulette de Samarcande utilise des clichés déjà mâchés, remâchés et adaptés à une histoire classique. Aucune idée surprenante, aucun monde complètement loufoque, ce roman est plutôt un clone des aventures d’Harry Potter, un clone certes plutôt réussi. Reste à l’auteur à trouver sa propre voie et ses propres marques, l’imagination ne semblant pas lui faire défaut, et je suis convaincue que dans quelque temps, on entendra reparler de Jonathan Stroud.

Laure Ricote

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